Israel Conversations: Israel’s History

At Israel Conversations last Shabbat, RS Rabbi Emeritus Alan Fuchs discussed Israel’s History.  Take a look at this timeline as a refresher, and comment with your thoughts.STATE OF ISRAEL-HISTORY TIMELINE

1948   

End of British Mandate (14 May)

State of Israel proclaimed (14 May).

Israel invaded by five Arab states (15 May).

Israel Defense Forces (IDF) established.

War of Independence (May 1948-July 1949).

1949   

Armistice agreements signed with Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon.

Jerusalem divided under Israeli and Jordanian rule.

First Knesset (parliament) elected.

Israel admitted to United Nations as 59th member.

1948-52 Mass immigration from Europe and Arab countries.

1956  Sinai Campaign

1962  Adolf Eichmann tried and executed in Israel for his part in the Holocaust.

1964 National Water Carrier completed, bringing water from Lake Kinneret in the north to the semi-arid south.

1967 Six-Day War; Jerusalem reunited.

1968-70  Egypt’s War of Attrition against Israel

1973    Yom Kippur War

1975    Israel becomes an associate member of the European Common Market.

1977    Likud forms government after Knesset elections, end of 30 years of Labor rule.

Visit of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat to Jerusalem.

1978    Camp David Accords include framework for comprehensive peace in the Middle East and proposal for Palestinian self-government.

1979    Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty signed.

Prime Minister Menachem Begin and President Anwar Sadat awarded Nobel Peace Prize.

1981    Israel Air Force destroys Iraqi nuclear reactor just before it is to become operative.

1982    Israel’s three-stage withdrawal from Sinai Peninsula completed.

Operation Peace for Galilee removes  Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) terrorists from Lebanon.

1984    National unity government (Likud and Labor) formed after elections.

Operation Moses, immigration of Jews from Ethiopia.

1985    Free Trade Agreement signed with United States.

1987    Widespread violence (Intifada) starts in Israeli-administered areas.

1988    Likud government wins elections.

1989    Four-point peace initiative proposed by Israel.

Start of mass immigration of Jews from former Soviet Union.

1991    Israel attacked by Iraqi Scud missiles during Gulf war.

Middle East peace conference convened in Madrid;

Operation Solomon, airlift of Jews from Ethiopia.

1992    Diplomatic relations established with China and India.

New government headed by Yitzhak Rabin of Labor Party.

1993    Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements for the Palestinians signed by Israel and PLO, as representative of the Palestinian people (Oslo Accords).

1994   

Implementation of Palestinian self-government in Gaza Strip and Jericho area.

Full diplomatic relations with the Holy See.

Morocco and Tunisia interest offices set up.

Israel-Jordan Peace Treaty signed.

Rabin, Peres, Arafat awarded Nobel Peace Prize.

1995   

Broadened Palestinian self-government implemented in West Bank and Gaza Strip; Palestinian Council elected.

Prime Minister Rabin assassinated at peace rally.

Shimon Peres becomes prime minister.

1996   

Fundamentalist Arab terrorism against Israel escalates.

Operation Grapes of Wrath, retaliation for Hizbullah terrorists’ attacks on northern Israel.

Trade representation offices set up in Oman and Qatar.

Likud forms government after Knesset elections.

Binyamin Netanyahu elected prime minister.

Omani trade representation office opened in Tel Aviv.

1997    Hebron Protocol signed by Israel and the PA.

1998 

Israel celebrates its 50th anniversary.

Israel and the PLO sign the Wye River Memorandum to facilitate implementation of the Interim Agreement.

1999   

Ehud Barak (left-wing One Israel party) elected prime minister; forms coalition government.

Israel and the PLO sign the Sharm-el-Sheikh Memorandum.

2000   

Visit of Pope Paul II.

Israel withdraws from the Security Zone in southern Lebanon.

Israel admitted to UN Western European and Others Group.

Renewed violence (Second Intifada). Prime Minister Barak resigns.

2001   

Ariel Sharon (Likud) elected Prime Minister; forms broad-based unity government.

The Sharm-el-Sheikh Fact-Finding Committee report (Mitchell Report) issued.

Palestinian-Israeli Security Implementation Work Plan (Tenet ceasefire plan) proposed.

Rechavam Ze’evy, Minister of Tourism, assassinated by Palestinian terrorists.

2002 

Israel launches Operation Defensive Shield in response to massive Palestinian terrorist attacks.

Israel begins building the anti-terrorist fence to stop West Bank terrorists from killing Israeli citizens.

Prime Minister Sharon disperses the Knesset, calling for new elections to be held on 28 January 2003.

2003

 Right-of-center coalition government formed by Prime Minister Ariel Sharon.

Israel accepts the Roadmap.

2005

Israel  carries out the Disengagement Plan, ending Israel’s presence in the Gaza Strip.

2006 

After Prime Minister Sharon suffers a stroke, Ehud Olmert becomes acting prime minister.

Following elections on 28 March, Prime Minister Ehud Olmert forms new government led by the Kadima Party.

Israel carried out military operations against Palestinian terrorists in Gaza after kidnapping of Israeli soldier.

The Second War in Lebanon, during which Israel carried out military operations against Hizbullah terrorism from southern Lebanon, following missile attacks and kidnapping of two Israeli soldiers.

2007   

Shimon Peres elected President by the Knesset.

Israel declares Gaza “hostile territory” following Hamas violent takeover of Gaza Strip.

2008   

Israel celebrates its 60th anniversary.

Israel launches its Gaza Operation (Operation Cast Lead) in response to the barrage of over 10,000 rockets and mortars fired from the Gaza Strip.

2009

Benjamin Netanyahu is elected Prime Minister in national elections held in February 2009, and forms a broad-based coalition government

The city of Tel Aviv celebrates its 100th anniversary.

2010 Israel joins the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

2 Responses to Israel Conversations: Israel’s History

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